TRIZ: Fundamental Principles and Application Strategies in Creative Problem Solving - Bilig Opex
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TRIZ: Fundamental Principles and Application Strategies in Creative Problem Solving

In today’s business and engineering, the problems we encounter are becoming increasingly complex. In dealing with these challenges, we need innovative and creative solutions when traditional approaches prove insufficient. This is where TRIZ comes into play.

What is TRIZ?

TRIZ is an acronym for “Teoriya Resheniya Izobretatelskikh Zadatch,” which translates to “Theory of Inventive Problem Solving” in English. Developed by Genrik Altshuller in 1946, TRIZ originated from a study of patents aimed at examining and understanding creative inventions.

The primary goal of TRIZ is to make the problem-solving process more effective and find new and innovative solutions. While initially applied to analyze and solve complex engineering and technological problems, TRIZ can be utilized to address problems encountered in various fields.

Key Principles of TRIZ:

• Achieving the Ideal:

This principle emphasizes that the closer a flaw, deficiency, or problem in a system or product is to an ideal state, the more effective and innovative the solution will be. During the problem-solving process, envisioning the ideal state and considering how close it can be approached can help discover more effective solutions.

Example: To enhance the energy efficiency of a car, develop technologies minimizing fuel consumption to approach the ideal state.

Resolving Contradictions:

This principle aims to resolve conflicts that arise during the development of a system, leading to more effective and optimized solutions. Contradiction refers to the conflict between two or more opposing requirements or features in a system. TRIZ analyzes ways to resolve these contradictions and provides guidance to find the best solution.

Example: If there is a contradiction between lightness and durability in a product, it can be resolved through new material technologies or design changes.

• Evolution in Machines and Processes:

This principle focuses on understanding how machines and processes evolve over time. Examining past evolution processes can help predict future solutions. TRIZ seeks to discover innovative solutions in the future by learning from lessons derived from past problems and evolving technology trends.

Example: Studying the evolution of computer technology to develop ideas on how future computer systems can be more powerful and efficient.

These fundamental principles of TRIZ provide a powerful tool for problem-solving not only in engineering and technology but also in business strategies, design, and many other areas. Each principle helps create a systematic thinking process to develop more effective and creative approaches to complex problems.

Application Strategies:

1. Innovation Analysis:

This strategy focuses on identifying opportunities for innovative solutions by thoroughly examining existing products or processes. Steps in conducting innovation analysis may include:

• Product/Process Examination: In-depth analysis of existing products or processes to identify their advantages and disadvantages.

• Market Research: Conducting market research to understand trends and customer needs, aiding in predicting future demands.

• Competitive Analysis: Analyzing competitor products or processes to identify industry gaps or improvement opportunities.

• Design Thinking: Adopting a user-centered approach to focus on user needs and enhance the user experience.

2. Functional Analysis:

This strategy involves a detailed examination of the working principles of a machine or system to propose improvements and optimized solutions. Steps in machine analysis may include:

• Understanding Working Principles: Utilizing engineering and physics principles to understand the fundamental working principles of the machine.

• Data Collection: Collecting and analyzing data related to the machine’s performance to identify areas for improvement.

• Engineering Principles: Applying engineering principles to suggest improvements in efficiency or reliability.

• Energy and Resource Efficiency Analysis: Developing strategies to optimize energy and resource usage in the machine.

3. Patent Analysis:

This strategy involves a detailed examination of existing patents to gain insights into how similar problems have been solved and adapt this knowledge to our own problems. Steps in patent analysis may include:

• Examining Patent Databases: Using patent office databases to research patents that solve similar problems.

• Analyzing Patent Documents: Thoroughly examining patent documents to understand solution strategies and relating them to various industries.

• Patent Mapping: Mapping patents that solve similar problems and identifying gaps or new opportunities on this map.

• Applying Patent Innovations: Implementing similar innovations in our own products or processes based on the results of patent analysis.

TRIZ is a powerful tool for solving creative problems, and understanding this methodology can help us find innovative solutions to challenges encountered in any sector or discipline. In this article, we have explored the fundamental principles and application strategies of TRIZ. For those dealing with creative problems and aiming to foster innovation, TRIZ can be a valuable tool.

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